Coffee Grinder and Glass
1915 Oil on paperboard
In this jewel-like still life, the letters "Le J" refer to Le Journal—the Paris newspaper that Juan Gris depicted in lavender on the blue top of a black table. The window blinds, coffee grinder, and wine or aperitif glass suggest that the setting may be a Paris café.
The still life was a favored subject for Gris, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and other Cubists. However, their paintings are not at all still! Instead, forms are broken up and overlaid. Tabletops tilt upward, and perspective is reversed. Cubist artists, like their contemporaries in science and mathematics, explored new ideas about time, space, and motion.
Bust of a Faun
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso
Oil on paper mounted on canvas (1946)
"Pablo Picasso expressed the youthful innocence of this faun through the creature’s sweet smile, quirky eyes, and mismatched ears. The half human–half goat is depicted in a geometric pattern that suggests a harlequin, a theatrical trickster character. Picasso was fascinated with hybrid and mythical creatures, often portraying himself in such guises. He understood them as embodying the rational and irrational forces that live within us."
"The Weeping Woman series is regarded as a thematic continuation of the tragedy depicted in Picasso's epic painting Guernica. In focusing on the image of a woman crying, the artist was no longer painting the effects of the Spanish Civil War directly, but rather referring to a singular universal image of suffering."
Portrait of Dora “Weeping Woman” became a symbol of grief, pain and suffering. Everything in the painting is subordinated to this idea. Pablo always portrayed Dora with huge eyes, sad, pensive or weeping. He emphasized her delicate nervous system, clean face and long red nails. Dora Maar was Picasso's mistress from 1936 until 1944. In the course of their relationship, Picasso painted her in a number of guises, some realistic, some benign, others tortured or threatening. Picasso explained:
"For me she's the weeping woman. For years I've painted her in tortured forms, not through sadism, and not with pleasure, either; just obeying a vision that forced itself on me. It was the deep reality, not the superficial one."
"Dora, for me, was always a weeping woman....And it's important, because women are suffering machines"
Mother and Child
Oil on canvas, 1907.
"Motherhood takes an unusual turn in this painting, which followed the completion of the completion of Les Demoiselles d"Avignon. Vivid contrasting colors, stylized faces and coarse brushstrokes seem to defy the warmth and gentleness more commonly used to depict this subject. It is another signal of Picasso's decisive turn toward a strong and often startling visual language."
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Considered one of the most famous works of art from the 20th century. Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon marks a radical break from traditional European painting. Within a compressed space, five nude women appear to project from the picture’s surface. Their bodies are composed of flat, fractured planes, while their faces are inspired by Iberian sculpture and African masks. This work signals a revolution in Picasso’s style and established him as the leader of the Parisian avant-garde. Les Demoiselles dAvignon was painted in France and completed in the summer of 1907. A seminal work in the development of Cubism, Picassos eye-catching depiction of five prostitutes in a brothel revolutionized the art world. ◽️